The longhorns were important because the they became more valuable as cattle ranching grew. When the Civil War started, the demand for texas beef increased. They were easy to keep because they only needed little water, and they were immune to the disease called the Texas fever.
The workers lived poor in tents and shacks. The towns were dirty and crowded. The streets that were made up of dirt turned into rivers of mud.
The railroads were way cheaper than by wagon. Wagons costs $1 for every 100 pounds sent about 100 miles, and the railroads were only 50¢ for the same things. The railroads were also faster than the horses because they only took 2 hours, while the horses took a day and a half for 35 miles.