We must make peace with the Americans so we can keep are land
Indian Remove Act (1830)
leave this territory now !!
President Andrew Jackson, a man of the frontier himself, supported the settlers demand for Native American land. He had fought the Creek and Seminole people during the War of 1812. In his Inaugural Address, he stated that he intended to move all Native Americans to the Great Plains
The Cherokee Nation (1832)
We will not give are land to those foolish Americans
As American expanded westward by the 1830s, many Native Americans still lived in the eastern part of the country. The “Five Civilized Tribes” - Cherokee, Creek, Seminole,Chickasaw, and Choctaw. These tribes had established small societies with successful intention.
Indian Territory (1834)
America is really trying to force us to accept these payments and leave our sacred land
In 1830 President Andrew Jackson pushed the Indian Removal Act through Congress. The act allowed the federal government to pay. Native Americans to move west. Some Natives refused and most felt they were forced to accept payment for their lands. .
Trail of Tears (1835)
Why do we have to leave are own land
The Cherokee however, refused to give up their land. They recognized the state of Georgia eventually their case reached the Supreme Court. In Worcester v. Georgia (1832) Chief Justice John Marshall ruled that Georgia had no right to interfere with the Cherokee. President Andrew Jackson supported Georgia's efforts remove the Cherokee. He declared that he would ignore the Supreme Court.
American settlers wanted to force the Native Americans to leave their land and move west Many Americans settlers believed that the area west of the Missouri was dry and seemed unsuitable for farming. They thought that if they moved they move to that region.
With 7,000 federal troops, General Scott threatened to use force if the Cherokee did not leave. Filled with sadness and anger, the Cherokee Nation gave in and the long march to the West began. Around 4,000 Cherokee died from starvation, disease, and exposure to brutal weather. Their forced journey west became known to the as the Trail of Tears.