The Berlin Wall separated Germany into east and west Germany. East Germany was a Communist state while West Germany was a democracy.
Winston Churchill, the British prime minister said that due to Soviet oppression, an Iron Curtain descended across Europe.
The Cold War was fought between to superpowers, the United States and Russia.
The leader of the Soviet Union, Mikhail Gorbachev, created two terms, perestroika and glasnost.
Glasnost allows the citizens to talk more openly about the government.
Perestroika was the practice of restructuring or reforming the economic and political system.
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President Harry S. Truman began the policy of containment to stop the spread of communism.
The U.S then established NATO, the North Atlantic Treaty Organization, which was a military alliance between the U.S, Canada, and some Western European countries.
Containment had 3 approaches, the Marshall Plan, the Truman Doctrine, and NATO.
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The Marshall Plan gave 13 billion dollars to help Europe rebuild after WW2, the Truman Doctrine was a promise to supply military and economic aid to any country struggling to create or maintain a democracy, and NATO was the North Atlantic Treaty Organization.