For your good deeds and for protecting me I am crowning you, Charlemagne, emperor.
The pope should not be able to crown emperor! thats absurd!
OK! Listen up these are the rules so deal with them
God put me here! Not the church! I'm right and you know it!
Yeah, right! the Church made you emperor! Not God!
Charlemagne was a devoted Christian who worked with the pope, Pope Leo lll, Charlemagne the pope from his enemies. Pope Leo lll was so grateful he crowned Charlemagne emperor at his coronation ceremony. This ceremony had lasting effects on Europe.
These are the new rules, I now declare myself to have supreme power over the Church and secular leaders. Also popes now have the authority to appoint bishops and remove emperors from power.
The lasting effects of Charlemagne's coronation were one, it strengthened the power of the Church in Western Europe by establishing principles that only the pope had the authority to crown an emperor. Second, Eastern Europe's idea insulted the Byzantine emperor. This disagreement led to the split of Eastern and Western churches.
I still can't believe the pope made those unbelievable rules, then excommunicated me when I tried to fix it, I am done with this! Guards! March all of our soldiers to Rome and whatever you do don't come back until Pope Gregory Vll is out of office! Be gone!
Right away, sir! I will send the armies now!
Although, there was a disagreement between who should choose the pope, and new disagreement arose about beliefs. Charlemagne believed that God had made him emperor in order to do God's work on Earth. On the other hand, the Pope Leo lll believed that it was the Church that made Charlemagne emperor, not God.
So its official, the Church and the Holy Roman Empire are coming together and reaching an agreement. YAY!
After Charlemagne's empire collapsed in 814, years later in 1073 a monk named Hildebrand became Pope Gregory Vll, and he issued a list of rules declaring his supreme authority over both Church and secular leaders. He also said that popes had the power to elect bishops and remove emperors from power. Henry lV thought that this was a direct attack on his power and rights.
Despite these new rules, Henry lV decided to ignore these rules and select his own bishop. As a response, Pope Gregory appointed a rival bishop. Henry was offended by this and tried to remove Gregory as pope. By doing this he was excommunicated by Gregory. After this Henry took revenge by marching his army and forced Pope Gregory from office.
This disagreement lasted long after Gregory and Henry died. Eventually, though, in 1122 the Church and the Holy Roman Empire reached an agreement called the Concordat of Worms. This agreement gave the Church sole authority to appoint bishops. But, it also allowed emperors to give fiefs to bishops. Even with this agreement, rulers and popes continue to have conflicts.