Ernest Shackleton was one of the most inspirational explorers and leaders of the 20th century. He went to Antarctica as a polar explorer. In his youth he was a fluent reader. He had an active and healthy imagination.
You have earned a knighthood!
When he was just 16 he joined the Merchant Navy and when he was 18 he became First Mate. His first exploration to Antarctica was with explorer Robert Scott.
Even though Shackleton and Scott came nearer to the South Pole than anyone else at the time, they had to halt the expedition because of terrible weather conditions and Shackleton's own health.
He led an expedition to the South Pole on a ship called Nimrod in 1908. Even though there were treacherous weather conditions, they got to the South Pole on the 15th of January, 1909. When he got back, he got a medal from the Royal Geographical Society and he got a knighthood. He was now known as Sir Ernest Shackleton.
Another exploration in 1914 is often known as Shackleton's greatest success because his ship became trapped. The crew had to leave the ship and they were stranded on the ice for several months. Shackleton could only mount a rescue mission in Spring when the ice began to thaw. All of his team survived.
Shackleton died on an expedition in January 1922. He was laid to rest in Gyrtviken, South Georgia.