#1 Music: Many types of music from the Middle East contributed to the development of music. The lute, which helps in the creation of the violin, was introduced to Europe by Muslim Musicians. Also, the scale we use today is said to come from the Arabic alphabet.
Persian mathematician, al-Khwarizmi, penned the treatise that defined a new algebraic order in the ninth century.
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Coffee: The first cup of coffee was made in Yemen in the ninth century. It helped people to stay awake for their late night devotions. The beverage soon spread around the area and eventually made its way to Europe in the 16th century.