José Guadalupe Posada

José Guadalupe Posada

Storyboard Text

  • José Guadalupe Posada Aguilar was born in Aguascalientes on February 2, 1852, he was a Mexican engraver, illustrator and cartoonist. He is famous for his drawings of traditional, folkloric scenes, socio-political criticism and for his illustrations of "calacas" or skulls, including La Catrina.
  • After learning to read and write with his brother José Cirilo Posada, he entered the Aguascalientes Municipal Drawing Academy.
  • Academia Municipal de Dibujo
  • Later, in 1868, he entered the lithographic workshop of Trinidad Pedroza as an apprentice. Some of the first cartoons of political criticism of him were published in El Jicote, a newspaper in opposition to the government of Jesús Gómez Portugal.
  • Trinidad Pedroza
  • In 1872, Posada and Pedroza decided to settle in León, Guanajuato, where they both devoted themselves to commercial lithography. .
  • In León, Posada opened his own workshop and later worked as a secondary school lithography teacher, also made lithographs and woodcuts that they illustrated packs of matches, documents, and books. In that same city, he married María de Jesús Vela in 1875. The following year he bought the printing press from Trinidad Pedroza.
  • IMPRENTA
  • The workshops, printers and newspapers in which Posada worked were many and varied: La Juventud Literaria, from the Revista de México, La Patria Ilustrada and El padre Cobos; Later, he joined Francisco Montes de Oca's group of newspapers: El Gil Blas, EL Popular, Argos, El Chisme. Posada undertook a job that earned him popular acceptance and admiration for his sense of humor, propensity for the dramatic, and artistic quality.
  • Despite his varied and popular work, the engraver was not as recognized as other contemporary artists. It was not until after his death that he began to appreciate his aesthetics as true popular art, and specifically thanks to the recognition of Diego Rivera, who made his work widely known.
  • El popular
  • He died on January 20, 1913 in Mexico City
  • El chisme
  • Argos
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