I am your ruler, do NOT speak of that religion here! You shall be imprisoned!
All I wanted was to practice Christianity!
Therefore, since none of you women are part of our group, you have no say against our law. All women are to wear turbans outdoors.
Woohoo! We love our new president!
Thank you all for electing me as your president! I promise for lower taxes!
This is an example of monarchy, which falls into the Autocracy category. This is also a type of monarchy where the king has all the power he pleases; one person, absolute power. There are no freedoms, and disagreement of religion and beliefs can be a death sentence. The ruler (in this case the king)'s power is inherited by his family (for example we could say he father was king). There is also something called a constitutional monarchy (most common) where the ruler's power is limited to a constitution; they are just a figurehead for their country.
This is an example of unfairness to people not in the "group" (by women not allowed to show their faces outdoors). This is in the oligarchy category. The face of the government in this case is a dictator, who also happens to be leader of the single political party, though there are several people who rule the country. Most of the time they are selfish and those who aren't in their group don't get certain rights. This is also a form of unlimited government.
This is an example of people electing a president which goes into the Democracy category. This is a limited government and is also the most practiced government. Direct democracy is where every person gets a say, but only works in small groups. (this was created by the Greeks). Indirect democracy is where people elect a leader (this was created by the Romans). In this government you have rights and freedoms and are led by someone who has limited power. Though monarchies fall under the Autocracy category, Constitutional Monarchies go under the Democracy category.