Over the centuries various different countries have run into problems such as overpopulation or poverty. While different countries have tested different solutions, one stands out. The regulation of the amount of children a citizen can have. They tax and ostracize the parents who have more children than the allowed amount.
"Reproductive rights" are the rights of individuals to decide whether to reproduce and have reproductive health. This may include an individual's right to plan a family, terminate a pregnancy, use contraceptives, learn about sex education in public schools, and gain access to reproductive health services.
WOMEN SHOULD CONTROL THEIR OWN BODIES!
THE GOVERNMENT HAS THE RIGHT TO TELL WOMEN WHAT TO DO WITH THEIR BODIES!
"Well, no one wants a Third anymore. You can't expect them to be glad." (Card, 18)
The government's view on third children caused Ender to be casted out my others his age.
A government should not have control over it's population's reproductive rights.
"A mother found out that she was pregnant, she went into hiding because she did not have a birth permit. However, she was discovered, and so when the family planning police tried to forcibly abort her, what she did is she found another woman who was also illegally pregnant but who was an unwed mother. Unwed mothers are never given the opportunity to even pay a fine or anything." (Beese)
These laws aren't only unfair to the citizens they directly effect. Letting these laws even exist let's people believe that they have control over women's bodies. That they get to choose how many children a women can have, if she can get an abortion, and if her body belongs to the country and not her.
"China initiated the one-child family act in 1979.The goal of the policy was to make sure that population growth did not outpace economic development and to ease environmental and natural resource challenges and imbalances caused by a rapidly expanding population. This act rapidly lessened the poverty in China." (Dewey)
"They look at you and see you as a badge of pride, because they were able to circumvent the law and have a Third. But you're also a badge of cowardice, because they dare not go further and practice the noncompliance they still feel is right. And you're a badge of public shame, because at every step you interfere with their efforts at assimilation into normal complying society." (Card, 18)
Laws that strive to control aspects of reproduction, even if they are TRYING to help, can be detrimental. They cause unwanted abortion, unwanted children, forced sterilization, taxes on the birth of extra children, and much much more.
"China's government says the one-child policy, officially in place since 1979, has prevented 400 million births. Parents have faced fines and other punishments for having more children." (Lee)
"China's government has collected two trillion yuan ($315bn, £206bn) - in extra-child fines since 1980" (Balkin)
Futhermore, allowing a government to control the number of children people have goes against it's citizen religious and human rights. Many religions (or branches of religions) do not allow contraception to be used, creating many unplanned pregnancies. If the mother afterwards chooses to abort the unborn child, that is her choice. But the government should not be able to have authority over her choices.
However, the families effected by this were crushed by the new act. And if they did have more than one child ordinary people risked heavy fines in China for each additional child, and government employees who broke the rules faced the sack, and ostracism by their colleagues.“They wouldn’t just punish you individually – your whole work unit would all be blocked from raises and promotions,” Sun said. “You’d become everyone’s punching bag.”(O'Carroll)
Overall, something must be done. We cannot let governments own their citizens bodies. We need to let go of the belief that these policy are "helping" the countries where they are in place. There are many other solutions to problems such as overpopulation and poverty. We must push these governments in the right direction of ethic solutions.