When troops returned home in 1918, they expected the promises that Britain claimed they would give. Acts of violence began and in 1919 Rowlatt Acts was passed by the British in order to stop the violence.
The Amritsar Massacre occurred when Hindus and Muslims tried to protest against these acts in 1919. The British commander told his troops to fire at the crowd. This massacre caused anger in India. Overnight, millions of India’s changed into nationalists and demanded peace._
Following the massacre, Mohandas K. Gandhi stepped up as a leader towards independence. In 1920, civil disobedience was put in place by the Congress Party. Next, Gandhi planned to weaken the British’s power over India by launching his civil disobedience campaign.