Toussaint L'Ouverture, also known as “Black Napoleon” one of the greatest generals who ever lived. . a self-educated slave with no military training drove Napoleon out of Haiti and led his country to independence. He learned to read and write and read every book he could get his hands on. He particularly admired the writings of the French Enlightenment philosophers, who spoke of individual rights and equality.
head for the mountains gooo !!!
Those moderate revolutionaries were not willing to end slavery but they did apply the "Rights of Man" to all Frenchmen, including free blacks and mulattoes (those of mixed race).
we have voted and we've decided that slavery should end
Escort him to the island make sure he never see the light of day
Toussaint joined the rebellion early on as a general but did not become the leader of the slave rebellion until 1798. He would come to be known as Toussaint L'Ouverture (the one who finds an opening) and brilliantly led his rag-tag slave army. He successfully fought the French (who helped by succumbing to yellow fever in large numbers) as well as invading Spanish and British.
he betrayed me
As conflicts between plantation owners and the free people of color were raging, the slaves took their shot at freedom. Initially led by Dutty Boukman, the slave revolts were very successful early on but stalled out after organized resistance from the plantation owners and the French military.
In 1793, the revolution in France was in the hands of the Jacobins, the most radical of the revolutionary groups. This group, led by Maximilian Robespierre, was responsible for the Reign of Terror, they were also idealists who wanted to take the revolution as far as it could go. they again considered the issue of “equality” and voted to end slavery in the French colonies, including what was now known as Haiti.
By 1803 Napoleon was ready to get Haiti off his back: he and Toussaint agreed to terms of peace. A few months later, the French invited Toussaint to come to a negotiating meeting with full safe conduct. When he arrived, the French betrayed the safe conduct and arrested him, Napoleon ordered that Toussaint be placed in a prison dungeon in the mountains, and murdered by means of cold, starvation, and neglect. Toussaint died in prison, but others carried on the fight for freedom.