Ten years has passed since the Trojan war ended. Every soldier that survived has made it home, except Odysseus who is stuck with "Calypso, / the bewitching nymph, the lustrous goddess, (who) held him back, / deep in her arching caverns, craving him for a husband"(16-20 Bk.1)
The gods met with each other while Poseidon was away. Athena is on his side and says, "But my heart breaks for Odysseus, / that seasoned veteran cursed by fate so long-/ "(57-58 Bk. 1) Zeus agrees with Athena, but he does not want to anger Poseidon who does not like Odysseus.
Since Odysseus had disappeared, suitors rushed to his palace to ask to marry his wife, Penelope. These "swaggering suitors" only wanted to gain power(107 Bk. 1). Her son Telemachus was not happy with this and his "heart obsessed with grief"(133 Bk.1).