During WWll, the government encouraged American Farmers and workers to produce the food and equipment needed by U.S. and Allied troops.
To pay for war the government had to raise large amounts of money. To do so, they raised taxes to as high as 94% for highest incomes, and borrowed from individuals through war bonds, from banks and corporations. The government mounted drives to sell bonds using patriotic spirit through celebrities such as Batman and Dick Tracy.
War Production Board, which was responsible for converting factories and plants from consumer-oriented production to military production.