Cordoba Is a great capital because they had 400,000 books also they practiced beliefs and practices from other cultures. After Abd al- Rahman died the civil war was eruputed.
The Safavid and Mughal Empire
A dynasty of Turkish Muslims, known as the Ottomans, emerged as frontier warriors against the Byzantines in Anatolia, or what is now Turkey, around the 1290s.
Science and Philosophy
The Safavaid ( suh-fah-vihdz) a shiïte dynasty, became rivals of the Sunni Ottomans. The Safavid Empire arose when a youthful leader named Ismail united the Persian kingdoms into an independeng state in 1501.
Architecture the Arts and Literature
The Mughals were nomads from Central Asia who invaded India. In 1526, troops headed by a Mughal leader named Babur swept out of Central Asia and conquered north and central India.
Medieval times, which spanned from the 500s to the 1500s, saw the rise and fall of many Muslim empire. Another Muslim physican from al- Andalus known as Ibn Rushd wrote influential books on medicine.
A four-line rhyming poem known as a quatrain was made popular by the Persian poet Omar Khayýam, who lived from 1048 to 1131. The decoration inside a mosque was often elaborate, featuring elegant writing called calligraphy and abstract design known as arabesque.