In the early 1800s, problems made China weak while European countries were growing powerful. In the 1890s, Europe and Japan had claimed large areas of China. The anger of the people-fueled a revolution in 1911.
People´s Republic of China
The Great Leap Foward
The new government had no control over the people so a military leader Chiang Kai-shek made the Nationalist government. Mao Zedong, Chiang rival gained support from the chines farmers to start a communist government.
Republic of China
In 1949 China turned into ¨two China´s¨. On the mainland of China was the communist government and they called their selfs the People´s Republic of China. On the island of Tiwian, there was the nationalist government and they were called the Republic of China.
On the mainland of China was the People´s Republic of China and this was the communist government. Mao Zedong, the leader, Introduced the Great Leap Foward and it was where they increased the Chinas industrial output, But it didn't work thanks to poor planning and natural disasters. During the Culture revolution, many people left the jobs and schools to work as farms to get rid of any element that does not support communism.
But it failed
On the other hand, the island of Taiwan was where the Republic of China was which was the nationalist government. Unlike the communist government they wanted one China, but the mainland refused. Like the communist government, they put limits on peoples rights like freedom of speech. Later leaders of the Republic of China had instituted democratic reform and developed an economy based more on a free enterprise system.
After Mao's death, China's communist leaders relaxed economic controls. People could now own small businesses and sell products and services for profits. Standardbred living rose, and China became a rising global power. However, many Chinese wanted American-style democracy with free elections and freedoms of speech, religion, and the press. China's leaders stoped street protests that demanded political change.