Muhammad was born in Mecca around 570 C.E. Makkah was a prosperous city that stood at the crossroads of great trade routes. Following a custom, his mother sent me to live with a nomad family in the desert and there he learned about Arab traditions.
GIVE UP ISLAM! GIVE UP ISLAM! GIVE UP ISLAM!
In 610 C.E. Muhammad went to pray in a cave in the mountains and that is where that he received the call to be a prophet. That is also where he received a visit from the angel Gabriel.
Muhammad and his followers memorized what Gaberial said to him. Eventually, some wrote down these words and collected them in the Qur'an, the holy book of Islam.
Around 613 C.E., the number of Muslims grew and the powerful clans of Makkah started a boycott to make Muhammad's followers give up Islam.
In 622 Muhammad and his followers left Makkah on a journey know as the hijrah.
Shortly after Muhammad's return to Madinah, he died. When he died, most of central and southern Arabia was under Muslim control. After the prophet's death, his companions had to choose a new leader to preserve the community.