The Arabian Peninsula is mostly desert with few oases. Where people would settle and form their community's.
Muhammad was born into a poor family of Mecca ruling tribe. Muhammad was very intelligent and always made sure that non of his follower's were in harms way.
Death of Muhammed
Qur'an is a book that the Muslims should follow and how they should live their life. One of the things that the Muslims should follow is that is forbids is gambling and drinking alcohol.
The first documentary was talking about how their is one god. The second documentary was about how their is how Muslim should live their life. The last documentary is about about their will be a last day of judgement.
The death of Muhammad almost made the kingdom fall but his father in law Abu Bakr took Muhammad place. Abu was a great ruler because when Byzantine Empire was fighting the Persian Empire and both empires were fighting for so long they got exhausted and Muslims attached at the right time and then the Muslims conquered the of the empires.
The family that was known for being the Umayyads gained power after the first four caliphs were assassinated. After the Umayyads gained power the Sunni became a tribe and they accepted the Umayyads. The Shi'ite was another group that believed that Muhammad descendants should be the only caliphs. Abbaisd prince went to Spain and couqured it.