Mythology Final Project

Mythology Final Project

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  • Achilles Attacks the Trojans
  • Achilles appears untouchable in his god-like form. The Trojans tremble with fear. 
  • Achilles is the muscle in the Greek army, he is like their secret weapon that everyone fears.
  • Apollo Intervenes
  • I can't breathe!
  • Apollo takes a disliking in the Achaeans and he sends a plague that wipes out many of the Greek forces.
  • I am so sick!
  • Aphrodite Intervenes
  • Aphrodite saves Paris right before he is killed by Menelaus.
  • Where did he go?!
  • Patroclus Rallies the Greeks
  • The Iliad was an epic poem written by Homer that outlines the events that happened during the Trojan War. Along with the Trojan war, and through Homer's epic, myths were created. Many myths came from these stories including that of Achilles. Achilles is a demigod that is thought to be immortal and unkillable, and when he is seen on the battlefield he appears untouchable. Just as Achilles is ruthless and eats though his enemies, Xenophon tells of how the Greek soldiers must rally and power through the Persian army. “Men, the enemy troops you can see are all that stands between us and the place we have for so long been determined to reach. We must find a way to eat them alive!” ― Xenophon, The Persian Expedition
  • This is great! They think I am Achilles and they are terrified!
  • They are running away!
  • Hector Kills Patroclus
  • It was common belief that wars were won in ancient times due to the aid of gods and goddesses. If the gods favor one side over the other that side will prevail and be victorious. It was also believed that the gods and goddesses intervene and impact the wars in certain ways.“You know, I need hardly remind you, it is not numbers or strength that gives victory in war; but, heaven helping them, to one or other of two combatants it is given to dash with stouter hearts to meet the foe, and such onset, in nine cases out of ten, those others refuse to meet.” ― Xenophon, The Persian Expedition. Many gods and goddesses interfered with Trojan War all of which were: Athena, Hera, Poseidon, Hermes, Aphrodite, Apollo, Artemis, and Leto. The first four were at the aid of the Greeks while the last four aided the Trojans. 
  • Patroclus and the Greeks push the Trojan army back to the gates of Troy.
  • Patroclus ignored the orders of Achilles and met his death.
  • Paris is scared at the sight of Menelaus and he flees from battle; although Paris is the reason the war began in the first place. He stole Menelaus's wife, Helen, away from him and he will do whatever he must to get her back.  Because of this Hector accuses Paris of being dishonorable and claims that he not only disgraced himself, but the entire Trojan army. After listening to what Hector has to say, Paris decides he will go duel with Menelaus over Helen. But before Menelaus is able to kill Paris, Aphrodite interferes with the duel and swipes Paris away. Paris seems as if he vanished and he is nowhere to be found. 
  • Achilles Slaughters the Trojans
  • The death of Patroclus sends Achilles in a rage
  • Achilles single-handedly wiped out over half of the Trojan army.
  • Patroclus wears the armor of Achilles into battle in the hope of rallying the Greek soldiers and pushing back the Trojan forces from the ships. Just like in modern times different machinery or armor scares and intimidates the enemy, just as the armor of Achilles makes the Trojans cower. "In the earliest days of warfare, soldiers used layers of skins and hides as protective gear, followed by wooden shields. With the dawn of the Bronze Age, metal armor came into widespread use. The Greek hoplite forces went into battle with bronze helmets, shields and breastplates, but the added protection came at a price. Helmets fit poorly and impaired vision, while the 30- to 40-pound breastplates caused troops to sweat profusely. Many would collapse from dehydration." — Jim Orrill, Deferences Between Modern War Technology & Ancient War Technology
  • The Greeks think Achilles is back on the battlefield but it is really Patroclus wearing Achilles' armor
  • Before giving his armor to Patroclus, Achilles makes him promise that he will not pursue the Trojans and that he will just push them back and stop. Patroclus does not listen to Achilles' commands and he chases the Trojan army all the way back to the gates of Troy. He is slain outside the gates of Troy by Hector due to Apollo intervening and injuring Patroclus before Hector finished him off. Patroclus's body was burned on a funeral pyre. "The pyre was one hundred feet in length and one hundred feet in breadth; on this the corpse was placed, in the hands of which Achilles had put the hair shorn from his own head; the body was the covered from head to foot with the fat of sheep and of kine, the carcasses of which were heaped about; then large jars of honey and of ointment were stood next to the beir, and four spirited steeds were thrown on the pyre." — John A. Scott, Achilles and the Armor of Patroclus
  • The death of Achilles' beloved friend send him into a rampage. After the Trojans killed Patroclus, Achilles wants to kill them all, he has no intention of leaving a single Trojan living. Achilles mercilessly slaughters over half the Trojan ranks in the river Scamander. Just as Achilles slaughtered the Trojan's, Caesar and the Romans slaughtered the Germans in this specific part of The First Germanic Campaign. "We could tell they were in a panic by the way they were shouting and running about, and our men, spurred on by the treachery of the previous day, burst into their camp." — Caesar, Caesar on the Usipetes and Tencteri
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