On the North West coast of South America, the moche culture flourished between A.d. 100 and 700. Their land was harsh and a desert that was squeezed between the Andes Mountains to the east and the pacific ocean.
About the same time as the Aztec emerged in Mesoamerica, the Inca began their conquest of Western South America. In A.D. 1200, the Inca were one of many small states occupying the Urubamb valley, high in the Andes Mountains of present day Peru.
The mound builders
Thirty distinct cultures lived in the Pacific cultures lived in the Pacific North West region. This narrow strip of mountains and woodland followed the coast from present day Nothern California to Alaska
The Ancient Pueblo began to farm in very various parts of the arid South West desert. They inhabited the four corners region, where present day Arizona, colorado, utah, and new Mexico come together. Little by little they began to build villages with permanent structures on high plateaus or in canyons.
East of Mississippi river, woodlands and prairies covered the lands that stretch between the Great Lakes and the Gulf of Mexico. Between 1000 B.C. and A,D. 500, the Adena and then the hopewell lived in this region. They are known as mound builders because they built huge mounds of Earth.
The great plains people kill a lot of buffaloes for food, fur, and and to make homes. The great plains is a wide area of flat, windswept grasslands that stretches north from present day Texas to Canada. Early tribes settled along the regions major rivers and established permanent villages.