Many immigrants were coming to the US because of hardships in their countries such as unfair laws. They came to the US to find jobs. Most immigrants landed in New York and were tested to see if they could enter. If they had diseases they were not allowed to enter.
2. The New Immigrants
I can't find a job!
Immigrants played a big part in the growth of cities. Immigrants and their families made up about 80% of the population in 1890. Railroads also helped the growth of cities. Poor people and immigrants lived in tenements in the slums, middle class people lived in the suburbs, and rich people lived in mansions. The growth of cities did lead to some problems such as disease and crime.
4. Moving to the City
In 1914 most states were requiring children to go to school. The growth of education was greatest in high schools. Most students were girls at this time because boys had to work. Sadly, African Americans got little or no education. Around 1900, schools began using a new educational philosophy called progressive education which was more physical learning. Colleges also changed. Some started to let women attend. By 1910, about 40% of USA college students were women.
6. A Changing Culture
Immigrants had a hard time fitting in. Finding a job was their greatest challenge. Most of them were hired to work in steel mills. They tried to keep their culture and also learn the ways of America. But after being in the US for so long, children and grand children only knew english. They lived in community neighborhoods and tried to re-create some aspects of their former lives.
As cities grew, they started to look different. They started getting skyscrapers, new kinds of transportation, new bridges, etc. Taller buildings were being built. Some people wanted to make cities more beautiful so Frederick Law Olmsted created several parks. New kinds of transportation, such as the trolly and subway, were also made to help with the growth of cities. In 1883 the Brooklyn Bridge was opened. Bridges also helped the growth of cities.