I am John Dickinson and I wrote the original constitution of the United Sates known as the Articles of Confederation
Articles of Confederation
This is not working too well
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
The Articles of Confederation were adopted on November 15, 1777 by the Continental Congress, but weren't adopted by all thirteen states until March 1, 1781. The Articles were written to create a sense of unified government.
Yay! It worked!
The Articles failed because citizens had more power than the government. The Articles had too many weaknesses so the government wasn't strong enough and the citizens started overtaking.
Hear ye, hear ye! We must fix the Articles.
Shay's rebellion was a group of rebels led by Daniel Shay, and located in Massachusetts in 1786. The farmers were mad because Massachusetts had tried to settle its debts from the war by increasing property taxes. Since the farmers could not pay, they were forced to sell their property. Shay's group responded by shutting down courthouses.
It has been decided!
Shay's rebellion became a national embarrassment because people from other countries had been in Massachusetts because it was easily accessible to boats. This meant that they could go back to their home country and tell what had happened. Shay's rebellion showed that the US had a weak government and couldn't control their citizens. A group of people decided to meet to solve this problem.
The Constitutional Convention occurred in 1787 after Shay's rebellion. Delegates from each state came together in Philadelphia to discuss how they could improve the Articles of Confederation. This is because they realized that their government was not strong enough.
The members of the convention collectively agreed on a new form of government that consisted of three branches. These branches would be the Executive, Legislative, and Judicial. The final agreement they had to make was how the states would be represented in Congress. Eventually they decided that it would be divided into two houses, one based on population and the other having equal representation