Battle of Shiloh also called Battle of Pittsburg was fought April 6 to 7, 1862 in Southern Tennessee.
Significance of Battle and Geographical Features
The reason why the Battle of Shiloh was fought was Confederate General Johnston hoped to halt the Union plan to invade Mississippi and needed to attack the Union forces along the Tennessee River before Union reinforcements could arrive.
Importance of Battle
The Union leaders were General Ulysses S. Grant and General Don Carlos Buell. The Confederate leaders were General Albert Sidney Johnston and General P.G.T Beauregard.
Outcome of Battle
The Battle of Shiloh was the first significant victory for the Union, and led to the victory at Vicksburg, and capturing of the Mississippi River. Another significant Union victory, and pivotal moment for the Civil War in its entirety was the Battle of Gettysburg.
The Battle of Shiloh was a crucial success for the Union Army, led by Gen. Ulysses S. Grant’s Army of the Tennessee River. It allowed Grant to begin a massive operation in the Mississippi Valley later that year.
The Battle started with 65,085 total Union Troops and 43,968 total Confederate Troops, resulted in the casualties of 13,047 Union Soldiers and 10, 699 Confederate Soldiers. The North’s victory in Shiloh, lead to the Confederates giving up Corinth to the Union.