The main characters in The Breadwinner are: Parvana (Ellis 15), Father (Ellis 15), Nooria (Ellis 19), and Mrs. Weera (Ellis 56).
The Breadwinner is taken place in Parvana's house and the market, which is in Kabul, Afghanistan's capital city. (Ellis 15, 17).
The main conflict in The Breadwinner is between the Taliban and Parvana's family. The Taliban take Parvana's father and put him in prison (Ellis 35, 40). They did that just because they thought they didn't need his foreign ideas (Ellis 34).
One of the themes in The Breadwinner is not giving up. Throughout the story, Parvana perseveres through war and suffering as she is disguised as a boy (Ellis 61). This all pays off when she makes enough money to provide for her family (Ellis 76).
The main social issue in The Breadwinner is standing up for your family. Parvana feels she needs to step up for her father when he is getting taken away and tries to fight off the Taliban (Ellis 35, 36). Even through getting beaten, she still has the courage to help her family survive the suffering the war is causing them in becoming a boy.
I think the pen and paper in The Breadwinner are a symbol. Pen and paper represent the perseverance that it took Parvana to learn Dari and Pashtu and how it helped her provide for her family (Ellis 71,72).