The box represents death and fear. Lines 62-64, the author states "Mr. Summers began talking about the a new box, but every year the subject was allowed to fade off without anything's being done." The stool represents a historical and religious trio. The article states "The villagers kept their distance, leaving a space between them and the stool"
In lines 1-2 Shirly Jackson states "The morning of June 27th was clear and sunny, with the fresh warmth of a full-summer day." This quote shows that they were all ready for a good summer day before anything bad happens.
In line 67, the author states "Black box grew shabbier." This quote shows personification because the author is giving the box actions that you'll often see be used whe talking about humans. This quote means that every year when the lottery comes the box gets forgotton about and is in poor conditions.
The tone becomes frightening and disturbing towards the end of the story. In lines 311-312 the author says "Although the villagers forgotten the ritual and lost the original black box, they still remembered to use stones." This quote means that all the villagers remembered the stones that they use to throw and kill people and went all out with throwing the stones at people.