King Louis XVI and Marie Antoinette are charged for treason and beheaded. This marks the end of the old monarchy.
I am the emperor now!!
The Reign of Terror was led my Robespierre. It killed hundreds, mostly commoners. It killed all those who seemed possibly loyal to the kind but eventually just turned into mass killings. It only ended with the beheading of Robespierre himself.
Wait, you’re kicking me out?!
After Robespierre’s beheading, there was a need for a new form of government. The Directory was created, but it only consisted of 5 people and therefore was very weak.
No no again!
Being a highly respected war hero, it wasn’t hard for Napoleon to claim power. He took over the Directory and proclaimed himself emperor. He reformed the education system as well as created the Napoleonic Code.
The Napoleonic Wars consisted of many of Napoleon’s battles throughout Europe. He was fairly successful in his battles but was eventually defeated and exiled.
Despite being exiled, Napoleon returned only to be defeated at Waterloo and exiled again. All of Europe was now economically struggling the wars had put a financial crisis on all.