The Compromise of 1850 consisted of many laws that were passed. First, it allowed California to enter the union as a free state, and citizens in Washington D.C. were allowed to own slaves but they now couldn't buy or sell any slaves. The Compromise also made it to where Mexico territory was added into the union as two new states, and they could each decide for themselves if they wanted to become a free or slave state, because of popular sovereignty.
Kansas/ Nebraska Act of 1854
Slave or Free?
The Fugitive Slave Law was passed in 1850 and made it to where more police were out on the streets to arrest black people. Now, ANY black person (free or escaped) could be conscripted back and or into slavery. They didn't have a right to a jury or the testify. And anyone caught helping slaves, would have 6 months prison time and owe a $1,000 fine.
Dred Scott Decision
Uncle Tom's Cabin was a novel published by Harriet Beecher Stowe in 1852. This book was written to show that the Fugitive Slave Law was bad or substandard, and that slavery was just evil. This book became very popular, within the first year 310,000 copies sold in the U.S. and over 2 million were sold world wide.
Lincoln- Douglas Debates of 1858
Slavery will divide our country!!!
We need slavery
The Kansas Nebraska Act was passed on May 30, 1854. This new law enabled the people to decide whether or not Kansas and Nebraska were going to be slave or free states, this was called popular sovereignty. It destroyed the Missouri Compromise of 1820, which prohibited slavery above the 36' 30 line. It made people in the North angry and people in the South very happy.
The Dred Scott Case was presented when Dred Scott, a slave, was taken into free territory and then taken back into a slave state. At this time there were bondage's for these types of situations, so Dred Scott took Sanford to court. At the trial the Supreme Court pleaded Sanford as not guilty because they denied citizenship to Dred Scott and voided the Missouri Compromise. The people in the North now assumed that all of the government was pro- slavery.
Douglas and Lincoln were both fighting for a spot on the U.S. Senate during the period of the many debates. The debates were different than now, most of lasted up to 3 and 1/2 hours long! When slavery was brought up, people discovered that Douglas believed that the Declaration of Independence was only referring to white people, while Lincoln thought it was referring to all people in the United States but, Douglas won the spot on the Senate.