The majority of the incarcerated murders within Hickling and Walcott’s research were of low level education up to grade four and started working as early as age 14. In a similar study of inmates in Guyana it was discovered that almost half of the prison inmates revealed that they had their first paid job at the age of 15 or younger (Bergman and Sarsfield, 2017) According to WHO (2010) low academic achievement and truancy are risk factors that have a direct relation to violent behavior.
When compared the report from Hickling and Walcott's to that of Guyana it can be seen that many of the inmates lived in unstructured or broken homes, with no stable father figure in the household. This encourages negative effects on the psychosocial aspect of the young men and how they perceive people and the community.
The legacy of slavery and the brutal plantation life imposed by the Colonial rule are seen as major contributors to the protracted violence experience in countries in the caribbean, ( Hickling and Walcott's, 2013).
Poor socioeconomic conditions is a contributing factors throughout countries in the Caribbean with high unemployment rate making young men more vulnerable to crime and violence.
According to Hickling and Walcott's, (2013) eight-six percent of all the murder victims were adult males. This is a widespread for all or most of the Caribbean countries as it is clear evidence in the inmate population of our prisons.
Countries in the Caribbean regions that are associated with agriculture as the major economic land-use activity are normally located in the undeveloped areas of the country. Research by Hickling and Walcott's have provided supported evidence that persons growing up within the rural areas are less likely to suffer from personal disorder.
Anyone else likes to make a contribution to our discussion? No? Ok!
Well this brings us to the end of a very informative session and Pop Quiz tomorrow on this said topic of Abnormal Psychology in a Forensic Context. Be ready! Have a great one folks!
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