Former Confederates don't deserve harsh punishment, and freedmen need to be controlled.
I cannot leave without permission from a former owner.
I cannot leave after 10 P.M. without written permission.
I cannot work go anywhere but the farm I used to be forced to work at.
African Americans are equal, and the confederates deserve to pay!
The new president Johnson wanted to be lenient to the former confederates. He even let them hold office. He didn't believe that former slaves could be on their own. He let things like black codes and racist laws continue.
White League and the KKK
Black codes that the president allowed kept freedmen in their old plantation houses. They restricted them from going anywhere without the permission of a former owner. Black codes restricted the freedom that the freedmen were promised.
The group of radicle republicans that led radical reconstruction wanted revenge on the former confederates and they believed freedmen to be equal to whites.
The Compromise of 1877
I will be president.
If you want to be president, take the union soldiers out of the south.
The white league and the KKK were against the freedom of slaves. They were very violent and would kill freedmen or even republicans, because they wanted slavery back. President Ulysses S. Grant later lead the assault that would turn those groups into hiding.
The freedmen's Bureau helped freedmen get what they needed like food and education to have a, at least, semi-fair chance in being successful in America.
The compromise of 1877 gave the former general Ulysses S. Grant presidency. But for him to get presidency, the Union soldiers dispatched to the south had to be removed