Martin Luther was born in Saxony Germany in 1483. he was a teacher in the university of Wittenberg.
he was worried he would go to hell so he studied the bible and found "justification by faith alone". he disagreed with buying indulgences.
he wrote 95 theses this is an argument against buying indulgence . he nailed it the the door of the wittenberg. the pope leo X sent Martin Luther the Exurge Domini it was a letter to tell him to take down the 95 theses Luther ignored it and burned it in public.