Abd al-Rahman was the last surviving Umayyad prince.What made Cordoba a great capital was that it was one of the largest and greatest cities in the world.
the mughal Empire
Suleyman was the greatest Ottoman rulers,He was known as "Suleyman the Magnificent".Daily life in the ottoman Empire was
Science and philosophy
The Safavids were a sh'ite dynasty and they became rivals of the Sunni Ottomans.They also arose when a youthful leader named Ismail united the Persian kingdoms.
Art and Architecture
The Mughals were nomads from central Asia who invaded India.The Mughals had a leader named Babur. Babur laid the foundation of the Mughal Empire which eventually stretched across almost the entire subcontinent.
Leaders of various Muslim empires opened whole libraries and shared their books with the world to stimulate learning.when they did this the Muslim empires advanced both science and philosophy.
A part of the architecture was mosque topped with a large dome and had one or more minarets and were very tall.Some of the art was called Arabesque.Arabesque consists of patterns flowers, leaves, vines and geometric shapes.