This is Ruby Bridges! Looking for better opportunities, Ruby and her family moved to New Orleans . She was 4 years old at that time .
In kindergarten Ruby went to school with all of her friends being black
Plessy v. Ferguson was a Supreme Court decision that made white and black children segregated and go to separate schools, a doctrine that came to beknown as”separate but equal”
In a 1954 decision, Brown v. Board of Education, the U.S. Supreme Court made racial segregation against the law.The school board said that black children could attend the first grade if they passed a test.
Ruby passed the test and was chosen to attend the all whiteWilliam Frantz Elementary School. She was the first African American to attend that elementary . Even with racial segregation against the law many people didn’t want their schools integrated
On her first day of school, four U.S. Marshals had to go with her to school. Angry crowds of parents shouted threats at her. For the next six months, the marshals took her to and from her school
People tried to hurt her family. Her father lost his job and her grandparents were thrown off their farm in Georgia.
On November 14, her first day at William Frantz Elementary School, she was the only student there.Barbara Henry was the only teacher who agreed to teach Ruby. She began teaching Ruby on her second day of school. Ruby never missed a day of school that year.
By Bridges' second year at Frantz School, it seemed everything had changed. Mrs. Henry's contract wasn't renewed, and so she and her husband returned to Boston. There were also no more federal marshals; Bridges walked to school every day by herself. There were other students in her second-grade class, and the school began to see full enrolment again. Her classroom was a mix of different skin colours
"Racism is a grown-up disease and we must stop using our children to spread it." - Ruby Bridges