The civil rights movement was a struggle for social justice that took place mainly during the 1950s and 1960s for blacks to gain equal rights under the law in the united states. The Civil War has abolished slavery, but it didn't end discrimination against blacks. They continued to endure the effects of racism, especially in the south.
During reconstruction, blacks took on leadership roles like never before. They held public office and sought legislative changes for equality the anf right to vote.
"I Have A Dream" speech
In 1868, the 14th amendment to the Constitution gave blacks equal protection under the law. In 1870, the 15th amendment gave blacks the right to vote. Still, many whites, especially those in the South, were unhappy that people they'd once enslaved were now on a more-or-less equal playing field.
1868, 14th and 15th amendment
To marginalize blacks, keep them separate from whites and erase the progress they’d made during Reconstruction, “Jim Crow” laws were established in the South beginning in the late 19th century. Blacks couldn’t use the same public facilities as whites, live in many of the same towns or go to the same schools. Interracial marriage was illegal, and most blacks couldn’t vote because they were unable to pass voter literacy tests.