STEM Comic part 1

STEM Comic part 1
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  • Insulin is produced by an organ called the Pancreas, which is a narrow 6-inch long gland situated behing and below the stomach.
  • Hello, my name is Doctor Fischer, and today I will teach you about Diabetes Mellitus type 1. Diabetes type 1 is where the immune system mistakingly destroys the insulin-producing cells. 
  • In type 1 diabetes the body does not make insulin so sugar builds up in the bloodstream.
  • Insulin is needed to get sugar from the foods you eat to give your body the energy it needs.
  • The exact cause of the disease is unknown, researchers are still trying to figure it out, the potential causes might be genetics and environmental factors.  
  • The Symptoms of Diabetes Type 1 are: - Increased thirst - Frequent Urination - Extreme hunger - Weight loss or gain - Tiredness - Blurred vision - Mood changes
  • There are many body systems that are affected like cardiovascular (delivers nutrients and oxygen to all cells in the body), nervous (the network of nerve cells which transmits nerve impulses between parts of the body.), visual( provides the ability to receive and understand the world around you)l, and urinary ( removes waste from body, also regulates blood pressure and blood volume.)
  • The body systems are affected like this: eye disease, such as diabetic retinopathy. Nerve damage, such as diabetic neuropathy. kidney disease, such as diabetic nephropathy. heart disease and stroke, such as cardiovascular disease.
  • 1.25 million people are affected by diabetes type 1 in the U.S. This is only 5% of all diagnosed cases
  • In 1980 there were 108 million people with diabetes type 1 in the world. In 2014 there were 422 million people in the world.
  • In the 1950s 1 in 5 people died within 20 years after being diagnosed with diabetes type 1.  
  • For people born between 1975 and 1980 about 3.5% die within 25 years of being diagnosed with diabetes type 1.
  • American Diabetes Association (Diabetes.org) Diabetes Research Institute Foundation (diabetesresearch.org) National Institute of Health ( nih.gov) National Institution of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (niddk.nih.gov) You can help by donating money for research or hospital facilities
  • Thank you, doctors! You made me feel all better!
  • There is still no cure for type 1 diabetes. There are treatments that help people live long and happy lives. Today's treatments use a variety of insulins which can be through syringes or pens and pumps.  
  • Diabetes type one cannot be prevented but the new technologies and research now could lead to a breakthrough to help people .
  • People with type 1 diabetes will improve their lives by: - Taking insulin as proscribed - Eat a healthy balanced diet - Check blood sugar levels as prescribed - Get regular physical activity
  • Research in progress to cure, prevent, and treat type 1 diabetes: -Artificial Pancreas is a technology that constantly monitors blood sugar and delivers insulin as needed. - Beta cell replacement is an experimental therapy that involves implanting protected insulin-producing cells inside the body. -Immunotherapies turn off the bodies autoimmune attack against its insulin-producing beta cells. - Beta cell regeneration is a disease-modifying therapies that promote the survival of insulin-producing beta cells.
  • SOURCES: https://www.jdrf.org/impact/research/ The multiple origins of Type 1 diabetes. - PubMed - NCBI 4 Early Diabetes Symptoms & Signs in Men (Type 1 & 2) https://www.jdrf.org/t1d-resources/about/treatment/ https://www.mayoclinic.org/diseases-conditions/type-1-diabetes/symptoms-causes/syc-20353011 http://columbiasurgery.org/pancreas/pancreas-and-its-functions https://www.innerbody.com
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