My name is Siddhārtha Gautama and I was born into a royal family that lives in Kapilavastu. My father isolated me in my palace hoping one day I would become a great ruler.
During my Four Journeys, I saw a sick man, an old man, a corpse, and a Holy Man. I learned that everything grows old, becomes sick, and then dies. The only way to avoid this inevitable suffering is to live a religious life.
I seeked enlightenment so I meditated for 49 days under the Bodhi Tree. During those 49 days, I achieved an understanding of the worlds suffering.
1. Life is filled with suffering and sorrow 2. The cause of all suffering is people’s selfish desire for temporary pleasures of the world. 3. The way to end all suffering is to end all desire. 4. The only way to end all desire and to attain enlightenment is by following the Eightfold Path, which is also called the middle way between desire and self-denial
In my enlightenment, I created the Four Noble Truths.
The Eightfold Path is like a staircase, you must master one step at a time. By following the Eightfold Path you can reach nirvana, or release from selfishness and pain
Trade was very important to the spread of Buddhism. Traders helped spread Buddhism to different parts of the world.