A long time ago back in 1871, was this act called the Enforcement Act.
It's also known as the Civil Rights Act or the Ku Klux Klan Act (KKK).
The purpose of this act was to protect African Americans from violence by the KKK and extend the guarantees of the Constitution.
Now let's fast forward onto the story.
In 1870, the Congress enacted the Enforcement Act in order to implement the terms of the Fifteen Amendment.
It prohibited the states from denying anyone the right to vote based on race.
The act contained criminal penalties to whoever that has attempted to stop African Americans from voting by threatening them or using violence against them.
Therefore, the Congress passed the Enforcement Act of May 1870 in order to prevent use of violence and intimidation.
In 1868, the 14th Amendment was ratified. But groups like the KKK undermined the Republican's party and threatened African Americans.
The bill gave the President authorization to get involved in the former rebel states. Opposing sides wasn't too happy about this and declared the bill as an unconstitutional assault on freedom and state governments.
Meanwhile, the Senate passed two more force acts. One being called 'The Second Force Act' and the, 'The Third Force Act'.