Containment was a United States policy using numerous strategies to prevent the spread of communism abroad. A component of the Cold War, this policy was a response to a series of moves by the Soviet Union to enlarge its communist sphere of influence in Eastern Europe, China, Korea, and Vietnam.
(a relaxation of tension) to a policy of containment of Soviet expansion as advocated by diplomat George Kennan.
The MARSHALL PLAN created an economic miracle in Western Europe. By the target date of the program four years later, Western European industries were producing twice as much as they had been the year before war broke out. Some Americans grumbled about the costs, but the nation spent more on liquor during the years of the Marshall Plan than they sent overseas to Europe.
To combat the spread of communism, U.S. foreign policy functioned on the idea of Containment immediately after the war and through the Truman administration. According to the policy, the United States would do everything it could to stop the spread of communism anywhere in the world, be it through diplomacy or military intervention. This policy also inherently intended to avoid open conflict with the Soviet Union, as any military confrontation with the Soviets could possibly lead to World War III.
Fearing that the Soviet Union intended to "export" communism to other nations, America centered its foreign policy on the "containment" of communism, both at home and abroad. Although formulation of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and the Berlin Airlift suggested that the United States had a particular concern with the spread of communism in Europe
Even before the official war in Vietnam started, people in America were being educated and wanted about the dangers of communism in hopes of preventing it. In an article titled “Education the Way to End Communism, Truman Declares” by Anthony Liviero. This article was published by the New York Times on March 9, 1949 with the intended audience being the general public.