In 1763, there was the French and Indian war. The British faced the French and won. This war was fought to decide if Britain or France would be the strong power in North America. It was fought in between Great Britain and New France.
NO TAXATION WITHOUT REPRESENTATION!
The British won a long and costly war in 1763. Because of the cost, the British went into a large national debt. To reduce the national debt, Parliament raised taxes in both Britain and the colonies.
The beginning of the Revolutionary War
To resist the British, colonists organized independent voluntary groups. One of the groups were the Sons of Liberty. The Sons of Liberty began in 1765 and organized resistance to the stamp act. They marched in the streets and sometimes committed violent acts.
The Declaration of Independence
In CONGRESS, July 4, 1776. A DECLARATION By the representatives of the UNITED STATES OF AMERICA In GENERAL CONGRESS Assembled.
There were many colonist vs. British government protests. For example, in 1763-1773 there were many acts which taxed the colonists. The colonists felt that tax laws should be passed only by their colonial legislatures. "No taxation without representation" became a rallying cry of the colonists.
Great Britain and American colonies began fighting on April 19, 1775. British troops marched to the towns of Lexington and Concord in Massachusetts. The Americans ended up finding out that the British army were capturing hidden guns and supplies by surprise and were warned by a system of signals. The Americans fired on the British and forced them back to Boston. This began the Revolutionary War.
Shortly after the war, representatives of the colonies met in Philadelphia for the Second Continental congress. The congress wanted to resist the British. They organized the Continental Army and selected George Washington to lead the army. Congress asked a committee to draft a document explaining why the colonists felt it was necessary to free themselves from British rule which then became the Declaration of Independence.