The primary purpose of Spartan education, and indeed of Spartan society as a whole, differed greatly from that of the Athenians. The primary goal of Spartan education was to produce good soldiers.
Training for the military began at age 7, as all Spartan boys left home to go to military school. From then until the time they were 18, they were subject to harsh training and discipline. Historical accounts tell of Spartan boys as being allowed no shoes, very few clothes, and being taught to take pride in enduring pain and hardship.
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During primary school, younger boys learned calisthenics and often were taught how to play ball games, while older boys were taught more military-type activities, such as running, boxing, and wrestling.
At age 14, poorer boys usually stopped going to school and began apprenticeships at a trade. Athenian girls were not officially schooled, however. They were allowed to learn in the privacy of their own homes, but as a result, most Athenian women had primarily domestic educations.