Ancient Greece was a thriving civilization that made impressive strides in many fields such as art, architecture, engineering, medicine, astronomy, mathematics, philosophy and government. Many of their ideals were the foundation of future civilizations and their influence is still with us today.
The Ancient Greeks accomplished incredible things in the arts, math, science, and philosophy.
WRITING AND PHILSOPHY
"True knowledge exists in knowing that you know nothing." - Socrates
Ancient Greeks created life-like sculptures, paintings, and pottery. A famous sculptor named Phidias carved a huge marble statue of Athena that stood inside the Parthenon.
Ancient Greece advanced architectural designs and built large, elaborate temples and buildings supported by columns that are still used today. A famous example is the massive Parthenon on the acropolis in Athens.
Types of Columns
Ancient Greeks loved to debate the meaning of life, justice, and truth. They named this "philosophy", which means "the love of wisdom". Socrates, Plato, and Aristotle were famous philosophers and teachers.
Ancient Greeks invented many things like a watermill, an alarm clock, central heating, a crane, and the Archimedes screw.
MATHEMATICS, ASTRONOMY, BIOLOGY
A: ACHIEVEMENTSOF ANCIENT GREECE
Ancient Greeks excelled in theater and wrote and performed plays of tragedy and comedy. Athenians attended the Theater of Dionysus that could hold thousands of people.
Ancient Greeks made huge strides in mathematics, astronomy, biology, and medicine. Hippocrates was a famous physician who established medicine as a science based on observation and case recording.
Greece is credited with creating the first direct democracy, meaning citizens voted on all the laws. The government had three parts: the assembly, the council, and the courts.
The Council of 500
The Greeks valued a strong, healthy body and loved sports. The Olympics began in 776 BCE and were held in Olympia every four years for almost 12 centuries! Games included running, long jump, shot put, javelin, boxing, and equestrian events.