Cavour believed that economic progress had to precede political change, and stressed the advantages of railroad construction in the peninsula
He founded the Piedmontese Agricultural Society. In his spare time, he traveled, mostly in France and the United Kingdom.
Cavour never planned for the establishment of a united country, and even later during his Premiership his objective was to expand Piedmont with the annexation of Lombardy and Venetia, rather than an unified Italy.
Cavour formed a coalition known as the Connubio, uniting the moderate men of the Right and of the Left
Cavour was generally liberal and believed in free trade, freedom of opinion, and secular rule
In 1861, Victor Emmanuel II declared the Kingdom of Italy, making Cavour officially Prime Minister of Italy. Cavour had many difficult issues to consider, including how to create a national military.