The Compromise of 1850 was a set of 5 bills proposed by Henry Clay on January 29, 1850. As a part of this, the Fugitive Slave Act was amended and slave trade in Washington DC was abolished, but slavery not.
Compromise of 1850
The Wilmot Proviso was introduced by David Wilmot on August 8, 1846. The Wilmot Proviso was an attempt to ban slavery in the territory gained in the Mexican American War.
After Lincoln was elected in 1860, the south seceded. They disagreed with Lincoln as their leader and left to maintain their slave economy and way of life. Eleven slaves states withdrew. Northern leaders didn't want this, which led to the battle of Fort Sumter.
The South had many advantages entering the war. They were fighting a defensive war, they had support, experienced officer corps, slave labor, and cotton. They also had the top general, Robert E. Lee. The south won the early Battle of Bull Run and the Seven Days Battles which forced the Union to retreat.
Confederate Advantages and Early Success
The North also had advantages. They had more than double their population, more ships, more efficient railroad systems, Lincoln, more industry, and a better banking system. The North also practiced total war and destroyed infrastructure while traveling through the south. The Union won the Battle of Antietam and the Siege of Vicksburg which were important victories for them.
Union Advantages and Later Success
The Emancipation Proclamation was an executive order issued by Lincoln on January 1, 1863. The proclamation applied to 3-4 million enslaved people. It officially declared all slaves to be free and it showed that the war was not just about preserving the union.