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The impressive city of Baghdad was the capital of the Islamic Empire. The palace where the Caliph lived was made of marble, and stone. Also, marketplaces were lined up with the palace. Eventually, the city reached one million in population.
There was a social class in the Islamic Empire. The upper class were those who were burned Muslim, second came the people who converted, third came the Jews, Christians, and Zoroastrians, and then the slaves. Unlike other empire women had the same rights as men. However, a women's chores were different in each social class.
People respected Science for illness. Also mathematics for direction of Mecca, and time for prayers. However, when Rome fell everyone went in chaos and deprivation, expect the Islamic Empire. In fact, they made this huge library filled with books called the House of Wisdom.
Literature was also big, poetry was reflected off of the desert lifestyle, and romance. The Qur'an is the standard for all Arabic Literature. Popular literature included A Thousand and One Nights. Muslims also had rich artistic abilities. Calligraphies were made, and architect in buildings was outstanding.
The greatest physician at the time was al-Razi. He wrote Comprehensive Writing. Also he wrote treatments on smallpox and measles. Muslims also studied the art of Plato and Aristotle. Studies of astronomy were made. Also optics was invented revolutionizing lens for microscopes.
Philosophy was also very popular. Islamic philosopher Ibn Rushd was criticized over combining works of Greek philosophers with Islam. Another philosopher was Maimonides. He blended philosophy with science and religion. However, the Muslims state did not unify. Instead, it was broken into three empires the Ottoman, the Safavid, and the Mughal Empire.
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