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The Silk Road
Hi my name is john munchkins. I will be telling you about the silk road. First lets talk about the Silk road. Under Han rule, new trade routes allowed the Chinese to trade with other ancient cultures. The silk road was actually a network of smaller trade routes.
Lets talk about the introduction of the silk road. Some interesting facts from the introduction were ideas, like Buddhism, entered china with this trade. The silk road linked the peoples of the east and west for more than thousand of years. The Chinese wove delicate fibers from silkworm cocoons into silk . Traders moved such goods across Asia on the Silk road. One more interesting fact was The Chinese traded silk and jade for spices from India glassware from Rome.
Opening up the silk road
The expansion of the Han empire made the Silk Road possible. The military campaigns of the Han drove back nomadic peoples in northwestern China, opening up trade routes to the west. Chinese explorer named Zhang Qian (jahng chee-ehn) is often called the Father of the Silk Road. His travels opened the way for trade between China and its western neighbors. In 138 B.C.E., a Han emperor sent Zhang Qian west with 100 men. His mission was to persuade western peoples to form an alliance against China's northern enemy, the Huns. Zhang Qian traveled across Central Asia to what is now the country of Iran. Twice, he was taken prisoner by the Huns. Both times, he was able to escape.
The Silk Road was not one continuous route. It was a network of shorter trade routes between various stops. Most traders moved between these stops, rather than journeying thousands of miles along the entire length of the route. Goods changed hands many times before reaching their final destination. rom Luoyang, the Silk Road led west along the Gobi Desert to Dunhuang (dun-hwang), in northwestern China. This part of the route was protected by the Great Wall to the north. The two major parts of the route were the Eastern Silk Road and the Western Silk Road.The Eastern Silk Road connected Luoyang to Kashgar (KASH-gahr), in the western part of the Taklimakan Desert. The Western Silk Road ran from Kashgar to Antioch and other Mediterranean ports.
The eastern silk road
The western silk road
Kashgar was the central trading point at which the Eastern Silk Road and the Western Silk Road met. Goods from various areas were exchanged there and sent in both directions along the trade route. Traders traveling westward carried goods by yak rather than camel. The Western Silk Road ended in Mediterranean ports like Antioch. The journey west from Kashgar began with a difficult trek across the Pamir (pah-meer) Mountains. Some of these mountain peaks rose over twenty thousand feet. Travelers often experienced headaches, dizziness, and ringing in the ears caused by a lack of oxygen in the thin air of the high mountains. The journey west from Kashgar began with a difficult trek across the Pamir (pah-meer) Mountains. Some of these mountain peaks rose over twenty thousand feet. Travelers often experienced headaches, dizziness, and ringing in the ears caused by a lack of oxygen in the thin air of the high mountains.
The trade between East and West along the Silk Road created cultural diffusion, in which ideas and knowledge—as well as goods—spread from one culture to another. For example, China and Rome did not merely trade new products with each other. In time, they learned how to make these products for themselves. By 500 C.E., the Chinese had learned how to make glass. About the same time, the West had learned how to produce silk. Such cultural diffusion occurs in many cultures, past and present, and in many different ways. The Silk Road also helped spread Buddhist beliefs. Buddhism had its origins in India. Because the Silk Road passed through many different nations, religious travelers using the route shared their teachings. The spread of Buddhism is a good example of how cultural diffusion takes place. Buddhism was introduced to China around the middle of the first century C.E. Some Chinese Buddhists journeyed on foot across Central Asia to India to learn more about their new religion. They returned to China with copies of sacred Buddhist texts. Buddhism would eventually become a major religion in China.
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