Bonjour mes amis, I'm in a cash crunch so I'll give all of Louisiana territory to you for $15 million
Paris, France 1803
We would like to buy Florida and New Orleans for $10 million.
"Indian" Removal in the Southeast
What about our rights?
You have to walk to Oklahoma, President Jackson's orders.
Free the Republic of Texas!
Yeah Sam! Remember the Alamo!
Hey! Not so fast!
America was able to expand the size of their country by a 1/3 overnight because James Monroe and Robert Livingston negotiated the purchase of Louisiana from Napoleon. This gave the US control of Mississippi River (specifically New Orleans) for shipping goods. France got the money they needed to fight Great Britain in their the war.
Texas to the Rio Grande!
Velasco treaty is invalid!
That's our land!
Despite winning a Supreme Court Case, the Cherokees were forced by President Jackson to walk over 1,000 miles to Oklahoma to land Americans had set aside for them. 4,000 people died of hunger, thirst, disease, and the cold on the "Trail of Tears."
This looks like a great place to settle!
Texas became it's own independentRepublic in 1836, Sam Houston was the first president before joining the U.S 10 years later. Mexico was angry at Texas for leaving Mexico, so they attacked the Alamo, killing everyone inside.
American Indians and "Westward Expansion"
Why you must move us westward? This is our land and we are just getting pushed and pushed until we shall be living in the ocean.
President James Polk wanted to expand Texas territory, so from 1846-48, both Mexico and the United States fought over territory, but the US won, having the Texas border reach the Rio Grande river. Mexico lost a lot of land and money, and many soldiers and civilians died in the war.
Rio Grande 1846
The United States won their dispute against Britain for their border, and sent lots of settlers to the Oregon territory, and the route the settlers took became known as the "Oregon Trail." It was home to many indigenous tribes like Salish, Klamath, and Nez Perce, that were forced to give up their lands, sign treaties, and lose their traditional way of life so the settlers could use the valuable natural resources.
Oregon Trail (2,170 miles) 1846-1869
But this is our home!
Black Hawk, Joseph, and the other Indian chiefs spoke about the Americans pushing them off their land and stealing everything that was theirs. America on the other hand got all of this land and was able to become one of the prosperous countries in the world.