The British made an alliance with the Indians in the Ohio Valley by giving them weapons to use against the Americans but soon the Americans became aware and angry. England prohibited their trading partners to trade with France and in return American sailors were kidnapped by the British and forced to serve in the Royal Navy. Sailors who claimed to be American citizens but the Royal Navy suspected as deserted was considered impressment.
Important Pre-War Development
The British continued to come for the Americans and angered them for all of their wrongful acts. The result of impressment caused the Embargo Act to cause significant economical damage to American businesses. The Embargo Act was laws passed by the Congress, while Thomas Jefferson was president, that limited overseas trade with people who were at war with one another. Jefferson went through it this act to hurt/ punish England but unfortunately it hurt the US.
The War At Sea
On August 19th, 1815, a fight at sea between America, USS Constitution, and Britain, HMS Guerriere broke out. The ships hit three times causing the Guerriere to become disabled and forced them to surrender.
American and English forces battled on September 10, 1813. Oliver Perry led the U.S. fleet while Robert Barclay directed the British. Even though the Americans soldiers decreased drastically, they still took control of the battle. The British leader became injured making it easy for the American leader to lead them to victory.
Battle of Lake Erie/ Put-In-Bay
General Robert Ross led the British to destroy everything in the path of the Capitol. They destroyed the interior of many buildings that housed the representatives, senates. and congress. Afterwards, they set fire to the White House. They burned the US Treasury down to the ground. But luckily, a hurricane came through and put out the fire.
The Burning of Washington D.C.
Battle of Baltimore
The 5,000 man British army marched toward Baltimore to fight the Americans at the Battle of North Point. Arthur Brooke led the British and George Armistead led the Americans at Fort McHenry on September 13, 1814. The US held its ground and the next day they showed their victory by letting the flag flow over the fort.