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Activity Overview


English words related to mythology often came from Roman names because the development of English was heavily influenced by Latin, the language of the Roman Empire. When the Romans conquered the Greeks, they assimilated the Greek gods into their own culture. Because of this, Roman versions of the Greek gods and goddesses are similar, but have different names. It's from these names that many familiar English words begin to appear.


Greek and Roman Names for the Olympians

Greek NameRoman NameGreek NameRoman Name
ZeusJupiter/JoveHeraJuno
HadesPlutoPoseidonNeptune
DemeterCeresHestiaVesta
HephaestusVulcanAphroditeVenus
ApolloApolloArtemisDiana
AthenaMinervaAresMars
HermesMercuryDionysusBacchus
HerculesHerculesPersephoneProserpina

Olympian Vocabulary Example

  • jovial
  • Herculean
  • mercurial
  • cereal
  • martial
  • volcano

Students will create a visual vocabulary board that shows the relationship between the god from the Greek myth and the English word.



Template and Class Instructions

(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Copy Activity", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)



Student Instructions

Create a storyboard for at least three vocabulary words that shows the relationship between the character from the myth and the English word.


  1. Choose three vocabulary words and type them in the title boxes.
  2. Find the definition in a print or online dictionary.
  3. Use the dividing line in Scenes > Patterns to split cells into two parts.
  4. On one side, show and depict the character from myth.
  5. On the other side, illustrate the meaning of the vocabulary word.

Lesson Plan Reference

Common Core Standards
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/9-10/3] Analyze how complex characters (e.g., those with multiple or conflicting motivations) develop over the course of a text, interact with other characters, and advance the plot or develop the theme
  • [ELA-Literacy/RL/9-10/4] Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in the text, including figurative and connotative meanings; analyze the cumulative impact of specific word choices on meaning and tone (e.g., how the language evokes a sense of time and place; how it sets a formal or informal tone)

Rubric

(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)


Visual Vocabulary Assignment
Define, illustrate, and give an example sentence for any five vocabulary words.
Proficient Emerging Beginning
Example Sentences
Vocabulary words are used correctly in the example sentences in both meaning and context.
The meaning of the sentences can be understood, but the vocabulary words are used awkwardly or in the wrong context.
The vocabulary words are not used correctly in the example sentences.
Visualizations
The storyboard cells clearly illustrate the meaning of the vocabulary words.
The storyboard cells relate to the meaning of the vocabulary words, but are difficult to understand.
The storyboard cells do not clearly relate to the meaning of the vocabulary words.





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