The personification is the attribution of a personal nature or human characteristics to something nonhuman, or the representation of an abstract quality in human form. In this short story by Rudyard Kipling, "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi", the animal characters all have actions and emotions that can be considered human-like.
Each of the animal characters in the book speaks and feels, in one manner or another, like a human. All of the animals interact with one another, share information, and make plans. Have students find an example of this for different characters by making a spider map or Frayer Model. Students should use a quote from the story and explain it to prove that the author has personified the animal in some way.
|Rikki Tikki Tavi||"Angry as he was, Rikki-tikki was very frightened as he saw the size of the big cobra."||Kipling describes his emotions like a human.|
|Chuchundra||"Chuchundra sat down and cried till the tears rolled off his whiskers."||Humans cry for emotional reasons; animals do not.|
|Nag and Nagaina||"When the house is emptied of people," said Nagina to her husband...||Marriage is a human institution. Animals do not actually get married.|
|Darzee & His Wife||"We are very miserable," said Darzee. "Our babies fell out of the nest yesterday."||Darzee and his wife understand the causes of their feelings in a way most animals do not.|
Grade Level 6-8
Difficulty Level 1 (Introducing / Reinforcing)
Type of Assignment Individual, Partner, or Group
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Create a storyboard illustrating how each character is personified in "Rikki-Tikki-Tavi".
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