Starting a unit or lesson with the key vocabulary that students will see in their readings or presentations aids in overall comprehension and retention. In this activity, students will create a storyboard that defines and illustrates key vocabulary related to slavery in America. Each cell will contain a term, its definition and an illustration that depicts the meaning. When students define and illustrate each term, they master the application of it and retain it as part of their lexicon.
Slavery: A condition in which one human being is owned by another. An enslaved person was considered by law as the property of their enslaver. An enslaved person had their human rights denied and was forced to work for another person.
Plantation: In the 1700s, a large farm usually found in the Southern colonies on which cash crops are grown most often with the labor of enslaved people.
Overseer: A person who was in charge of the work of enslaved people and could punish them for disobeying.
Slave Trade: The business of kidnapping, transporting, and selling people as slaves in exchange for goods.
Triangular Trade: The exchange of enslaved people and goods between Europe, the Americas, and West Africa, using shipping routes across the Atlantic Ocean.
Middle Passage: The voyage of slave ships across the Atlantic Ocean, from West Africa to the West Indies and the American continents. The conditions on slave ships were so horrific that many people died of malnourishment, disease, or even by suicide.
Slave Auction: A public sale in which people were sold like property as slaves to the highest bidders.
Fugitive Slave: Also known as a runaway slave. An enslaved person who escaped their enslaver in an attempt at freedom. Many tried to reach territories or states where slavery was banned.
Abolish: To put an end to. The Abolitionist Movement aimed to end slavery in the United States. Abolitionists were people who believed that the institution of slavery was immoral and should be abolished or ended.
Underground Railroad: The Underground Railroad was a term used for a network of people, homes, and hideouts that slaves in the Southern United States used to escape to freedom in the Northern United States and Canada.
Free state: A state in which it was not legal to own slaves.
Juneteenth: A holiday celebrated on the 19th of June to commemorate the emancipation of enslaved people in the U.S. Juneteenth (short for “June Nineteenth”) marks the day when federal troops arrived in Galveston, Texas in 1865 to take control of the state and ensure that all enslaved people were freed. The troops’ arrival came a full two and a half years after the signing of the Emancipation Proclamation.
13th Amendment: The Thirteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution abolished slavery and involuntary servitude, except as punishment for a crime. The amendment was passed by Congress on January 31, 1865, and ratified by the required 27 of the then 36 states on December 6, 1865.
Indentured servant: Indentured servants signed a contract to work for a certain number of years, often in exchange for passage to the colonies and a plot of land at completion of the contract. Indentured servants might have suffered harsh treatment, but they were not enslaved. They had the possibility of being freed from their servitude after a period of time which was not possible for enslaved people.
Grade Level 3-6
Difficulty Level 2 (Reinforcing / Developing)
Type of Assignment Individual or Partner
Type of Activity: Visual Vocabulary BoardsCommon Core Standards
(These instructions are completely customizable. After clicking "Use This Assignment With My Students", update the instructions on the Edit Tab of the assignment.)
Objective: Create a storyboard that demonstrates your understanding of different words.
Requirements: Must have 3 terms, correct definitions and appropriate illustrations for each that demonstrate your understanding of the words.
(You can also create your own on Quick Rubric.)
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