Governments have taken many forms throughout history. The type of government, along with the people running the government, has had an enormous impact on the way countries and culture develop. There are many different governments around the world even now, which can often lead to points of contention between countries. It is important for students to understand the differences between governments and how they function in order to create a foundation for future units in history and social studies!
An oligarchy is a form of government where a small group has the power. Historically, oligarchies have consisted of those with significant wealth or military power. The rights of citizens are determined solely by those in the small group.
A representative democracy, sometimes known as a republic, is a form of government where the people vote on their leaders. Leaders listen to the concerns and problems of the people and create laws to solve them.
A direct democracy is a form of government where the citizens determine how the country should function. A direct democracy has no elected leaders and each citizen has an equal level of power.
Let the people vote!
We demand Freedom of Speech!
In a monarchy, a king or queen, "a monarch", rules over the people. Some monarchs have held all of the power, while others have shared their power with other branches of government. A monarch typically comes to power by inheritance. Depending on the monarch, citizens can have numerous rights and privileges, or none at all.
FORMS OF GOVERNMENT
A dictatorship is a form of government where the power is in the hands of one individual with full authority to enforce and create any laws they desire. Rights and liberties of the citizens are usually suppressed in order to maintain the power of the government.
A theocracy is any form government centered on a god or gods. A theocracy has a ruling religious authority that oversees the creation and enforcement of laws. Power rests with the religious authority who may or may not give their citizens freedoms.
Mandatory Mass For All Citizens Sunday @7
An anarchy is the state without a government. In an anarchy, there is no law creation or enforcement. An anarchy is typically characterized by violence and disorder.