Over the last hundred years, thousands of Americans have fought for justice, equality, and change for all citizens. Although it has only been sixty years since the major events of the Civil Rights Movement, many students are unaware of the seismic shifts that occurred during that era. Through the use of non-violent strategies such as protests, marches, boycotts, and sit-ins, Americans were able to begin a movement that still strongly reverberates in our world today.
Create a timeline of an event or series of events from the Civil Rights Movement, like the Little Rock Nine
Brown vs. Board of Education Ruling
We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of "separate but equal" has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.- Justice Earl Warren
The History Of A Moment: Little Rock Nine Timeline
On May 16, 1954, the United States Supreme Court make their landmark ruling of "Brown vs Board of Education". This ruling established that racial segregation in all U.S. public schools was unconstitutional. It overturned the infamous Plessy vs. Ferguson case that had established the "separate but equal" ruling in regards to segregated public buildings and facilities.
Students Escorted Out Of School Due To Angry Mob
Little Rock Nine Attempt To Enter School
Just weeks after being denied entry to school, the students were brought into school by the local police department. Upon hearing of the students being in the building, an angry mob gathered and grew throughout the day. With the potential of being overrun, the police escorted the students out of the building for their safety.
On September 4th, 1957, the now historic "Little Rock Nine" group of African American students attempted to enter Little Rock High School. Despite the fact that going to an integrated school was now their constitutional right, Arkansas Governor Orval Faubus refused to let them enter by stationing the National Guard in front of the school.
Eisenhower Issues Executive Order 10730
Upon hearing of Governor Faubus' refusal to allow the nine students to enter the school, President Eisenhower issued Executive Order 10730. With a swift decision, Eisenhower sent the 101st Airborne of the United Stated Army to Little Rock. Eisenhower also federalized the Arkansas National Guard, taking the military resource away from the governor.
Little Rock Nine Attends School
Wednesday, September 5th, 1957
Agenda:1. Homework Review2. Read Pages 22-343. Begin Edits of Rough Draft
On September 25th, 1957, the Little Rock Nine successfully attended their integrated school. Although the local population continued to protest the integration of public schools, President Eisenhower's executive order removed the local government's ability to prevent these students from attending school. These nine children helped pave the way for a future of integrated educational experiences for millions of Americans.
Little Rock Nine Receive Congressional Gold Medal
On November 9th, 1999, the heroes and heroines of the Little Rock Nine Crisis were given the highest honor bestowed to a citizen of the United States. Approved by Congress and presented by President Bill Clinton, Thelma Mothershed Wair, Minnijean Brown Trickey, Jefferson Thomas, Terrence Roberts, Carlotta Walls LaNier, Gloria Ray Karlmark, Ernest Green, Elizabeth Eckford, and Melba Pattillo Beals got the national recognition for their bravery and pain suffered in order to help the integration of public schools for millions of Americans.